They simply stand-out in a sea of Android devices. The Tiles interface is unique; and studies have shown that after just a few hours of getting used to the new interface, the wide majority of consumers prefer it.
Read the full interview here.
He said the Microsoft brand was well received in Pakistan, and that Microsoft with Lumia also hoped to expand into the B2B market.
He also confirmed that Microsoft Mobile with its Nokia feature phones still held more than half the feature phone market in Pakistan, and expected this would help Microsoft’s Windows Phone business when these users upgraded.
Thanks Vitor for the tip.
In an interview with The News he noted that sales of Lumia devices in Pakistan tripled in Q1 2015 vs Q4 2014, and that Windows Phones now held the second position ahead of iOS.
When asked what differentiated Lumia handsets he noted:
He noted that in the Near-East and North Africa region Windows Phone sales have doubled sales year on year in a number of countries and that the Lumia 535 was a best selling handset in Pakistan in the $100-$150 segment, and in fact the best selling Lumia ever in the region. Their design is robust, vibrant, colorful, and engineered for optimal efficiency. Microsoft’s next step would be the introduction of the even more affordable Dual-SIM Lumia 430.
“Considering our primary goal is to enhance the growth of the Windows Phone ecosystem through Lumia smartphone activations, it certainly is a great achievement for us and showcases the appetite in Pakistan for a third smartphone ecosystem other than Android and iOS” he said.
While things are not going too well in USA, Windows Phones are seeing good growth in the emerging markets of the world, particularly in Asia, according to Patrick Mercanton, head of marketing for Near-East, North Africa, Levant and Emerging Asia for Microsoft Mobile Devices.
He suggested the tripling of Lumia smartphone activations was a strong indicator that Pakistanis are indeed interested in using another OS and that the introduction of Windows10 with its cross-screens benefits would add momentum to the Windows OS ecosystem overall.
Microsoft Lumia devices offer Nokia’s build quality with the latest Windows OS and interface
Investigators received tip-offs from legitimate casinos and began surveillance on an underground location in downtown Madrid where people were received by porters.
MADRID – Spanish police say they have dismantled a clandestine casino in Madrid where illegal gambling tournaments allegedly took place concealed behind the facade of an establishment purporting to be a smoking club.
Once inside the building, the alleged gamblers — who needed to arrive with an invitation — were escorted through two security doors equipped with an airlock and down to gaming rooms.
One had eight card-game tables while the other had two and was reserved for “VIP gamblers” attended by hostesses.
Police said Thursday that they identified 100 people, and seized cash and equipment, when they raided the establishment, without specifying when the operation took place.
Last May, he and Russian President Vladimir Putin agreed to slash their active arsenals by nearly two-thirds, to 1700 to 2200 warheads each, within 10 years. Five people watching the surf from Hurricane Bill were swept out to sea at Acadia National Park in Maine. “If you were to have a problem with a weapon system that you needed to rectify using a test, you would want to be able to do that faster,” J. Two had been recovered and three were still missing as of 5 p.m.
However, the administration is paying increasing attention to the possibility that it might at some point have to resume testing if there were a question about the reliability of the nation’s stockpile. “Unless we do a lot more research and development and we find some quantum breakthrough in conventional systems, to go deep is going to require a nuclear capability.”
Last year, the U.S. policy on nuclear weapons, which has included:
Bunker busters — For the second year in a row, the Energy Department is requesting $15 million to study the need for a Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator (RNEP).
Supporters say these weapons might be necessary to deal with so-called “hard and deeply buried targets” in rogue states and terrorist camps, of which there might be 10,000 in the world.
“One way you ensure that there are no safe havens is to be able to go deep,” said Armed Services Committee chairman Rep. In the modern U.S. arsenal. Crouch, the assistant secretary of Defense for International Security Policy, said in a briefing last year.
By Jarrett Murphy
But the administration says smaller nuclear arms may eventually be needed to deal with the emerging threat of rogue states hoarding weapons of mass destruction.
A memo obtained by a British newspaper indicates that at a conference this summer, Defense and Energy department officials will consider questions like: “What is the uncertainty in confidence and potential risk threshold for a test recommendation–what would demand a test?”
The Little Boy bomb dropped on Hiroshima delivered around 15 kilotons.
But some members of Congress believe conventional weapons could do the same job, and worry that mini-nukes would blur the line between conventional and nuclear weapons. According to Sen. conducted its last nuclear test in 1992, and while the White House opposes the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty — which the U.S. Duncan Hunter, R.-Calif., last May. Defense officials said in 2002 that at present, the U.S could go from the decision to test to a trial run in two to three years. According to the Los Alamos National Laboratory, the move “restores the nation’s ability to make nuclear weapons,” and was needed so the Energy Department could replace pits found unsafe or destroyed through regular check-ups.
The move to clear the legal hurdles on manufacturing mini-nukes is part of a broad review of U.S. spent more in real terms on atomic defense activities than since 1962.
Strategy — In its Nuclear Posture Review last year, the administration identified Iraq, Iran, Syria, Libya, North Korea as countries where “contingencies” could arise that U.S. D. Other efforts include developing lasers and computers to simulate aspects of nuclear tests.
Nuclear Stockpiles: President Bush has agreed to dramatic reductions in the number of nuclear weapons in the U.S. development of low-yield nuclear weapons.
The Bush administration may get permission to create kinder, gentler or at least smaller nuclear weapons if Congress overturns a ban on doing so.
The defense appropriations bill now winding its way through the Hill contains a clause revoking the 1993 Spratt-Furse amendment, which prohibits the development of so-called “low-yield” nuclear weapons – bombs that pack a punch of less than five kilotons.
Copyright 2003 CBS. has signed but not ratified — the administration says it has no plans to conduct a test.
At the same time, however, last month the United States produced a plutonium pit — the core of a fission bomb — for the first time in 14 years. Nelson.
The Foster Panel, which studied the testing issue last year, recommended improvements that would allow a test within three months to a year of deciding to do so. A bomb of just one kiloton, detonated 30 meters below the earth, can open a crater wider than a football field, according to Princeton physicist Robert W. All rights reserved.
CAROUSEL – People watch as water breaches a rock wall at Lawrencetown, Nova Scotia, Canada, Sunday, August 23, 2009. wants to stop proliferation.
CBSNews.com’s Jarrett Murphy takes a look at the prospects for the U.S. ET Sunday.
AP Photo/Canadian Press/Tim Krochak
“How can we effectively seek to dissuade others from developing nuclear weapons while we are going forward with the development of new nuclear weapons ourselves?” Sen. Others contend that making more bombs is a bad idea if the U.S. Edward Kennedy, the administration has budgeted $700 million for studying how testing might resume. arsenal, the submarine-launched Mk-5 holds eight W88 warheads of 475 kilotons each.
But some experts contend that no bomb of any size could go very deep, because the heavier the bomb, the harder the impact — and the harder the impact, the more likely the bomb would explode before it reached sufficient depth.
Testing — The U.S. — did not prohibit designing a testing device with a yield below five kilotons, modifying an existing weapon for safety reasons or conducting research and development necessary “to address proliferation concerns.”. “nuclear strike capabilities” must be geared towards, according to a leaked copy of the report.
The 1993 low-yield ban that the current defense bill would delete stated that “it shall be the policy of the United States not to conduct research and development which could lead to the production by the United States of a new low-yield nuclear weapon, including a precision low-yield warhead.”
Announcing its approval of the bill Friday, the Senate Armed Services committee stressed that nothing in the repeal means it has authorized “the testing, acquisition, or deployment of a low-yield nuclear weapon.”
The ban — named after sponsors Elizabeth Furse, D-Ore., retired, and John Spratt, D-S.C. Dianne Feinstein, a California Democrat, asked recently.
“Nuclear weapons have a unique ability to destroy both agent containers and (Chemical and Biological Weapons),” reads a 2001 Pentagon study.
A kiloton is equal to the explosive force of one thousand tons of TNT
The shock and vibration data will be used to update its design specifications for later modifications and to simulate other accidents that might occur, but have not been tested in real life.
The United States hasn’t fielded a new nuclear weapon since 1988 and its deterrent arsenal is the oldest in the world. As part of the US government’s Life Extension Program (LEP) for its nuclear arsenal, the inert W88 ALT 370 warhead was dropped from a crane in New Mexico onto a slab of concrete to test the updated design’s safety.
The W88 is one of the United State’s primary nuclear weapons. Its purpose was to see if the warhead could remain safe after a fall similar to one that might occur during a loading or shipping accident. In real life, there would be no chance of a nuclear explosion, and the warhead would not be expected to function afterward, but there is concern that radioactive or toxic materials might be exposed should the warhead’s casing crack.
The purpose of the tests was to determine how well the modifications to the warhead work, as well as gathering data for computer modeling for further updates and simulations of various accident scenarios. In order to ensure that the current inventory of warheads remain safe and effective for another 20 to 30 years, the National Nuclear Security Administration is carrying out a program of inspecting, refurbishing, and updating the stockpile. In the first test, the Critical Radar Arming and Fuzing Test (CRAFT), an unarmed W88 was launched in June by a Trident II missile from an Ohio-class nuclear submarine with the goal of seeing how the radar operated at hypersonic re-entry speeds, which generate ionized plasma that can interfere with radar.
Source: Sandia. With a yield of 475 kilotons, it’s designed to be small enough for as many as 14 to be fitted in a MIRV configuration atop a Trident II missile, though only eight are carried on each launcher under the terms of the Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty.
Sandia says that this is the first drop test conducted on a W88 warhead since 1988. As part of this effort, Sandia carried out a series of tests this year on the W88′s radar arming and fusing system, as well as drop tests to simulate a loading accident involving the warhead.
The second test was conducted in July at Sandia’s 85-foot Drop Tower Facility.
Sandia and its partners are currently evaluating the results from both sets of tests, though the company says that the radar functioned as expected.
Dropping a nuclear warhead may not seem like a particularly bright idea, but earlier this year Sandia National Laboratories did just that
According to the Cox report, China penetrated U.S. nuclear arsenal — including those for the MX Peacekeeper and Minuteman III missiles.
WASHINGTON (CNN) — China could begin production of advanced thermonuclear weapons based on stolen U.S.
The sharpest criticism for the theft of U.S. submarine radar technology and illegally obtained secrets about U.S. “To advertise in some cases something about their strength that they want you to know; in other cases, to promote disinformation.”
‘China’s appetite … design information during the next decade, according to a congressional report on Chinese nuclear espionage that will be released officially Tuesday.
The report also reveals allegations that China stole design information about U.S. nuclear secrets is directed toward the Clinton administration and how slowly it reacted when word of the espionage surfaced.
May 24, 1999
Web posted at: 10:42 p.m.
According to investigators, the CIA first learned of the extent of the Chinese espionage in 1995 when a Chinese national approached the agency and turned over a secret Chinese government document.
According to the report, U.S. “Ballistic and space launch programs have long been intertwined.”
Chinese Embassy to the U.S.
Office of the Director of Central Intelligence
Consulate General of the People’s Republic of China
Department of Energy
Department of Justice
Attorney General Janet Reno
The White House
National Security Council
Biography of Samuel Berger
Los Alamos National Laboratory
“It means that we’re going to be preparing ourselves to defend against American technology used against us,” said Rep. State Department issues travel warning for China
May 10, 1999
“… satellite manufacturers Loral Corp. you can learn a great deal about military matters in the United States,” Cox said.
“What the PRC (People’s Republic of China) has stolen has enabled them to jump over decades of incremental development that were necessary, for example, for the United States,” said Cox.
Chinese knowledge increased by decades
In March, Richardson fired a longtime scientist at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, Wen Ho Lee, because of security violations as well as suspicions of espionage.
Bob Franken and Pierre Thomas contributed to this report.
The report credits Energy Secretary Bill Richardson for making long-needed security improvements to the nation’s vulnerable nuclear labs, run by the Department of Energy.
The CIA later determined that the person who turned over the document worked for Chinese intelligence.
All of the weapons could target the United States.
The report by his committee said “China’s appetite for information and technology appears to be insatiable and the energy devoted to the task enormous.”
Note: Pages will open in a new browser window
‘It’s not good news’
“There are a number of reasons that intelligence services direct information this way,” Cox said. intelligence has determined the technology espionage by the Chinese, dating back to the late 1970s and continuing through the 1980s and ’90s, “has leaped, in a handful of years, from 1950s-era strategic nuclear capabilities to the more modern thermonuclear weapon design.”
Also among the purloined blueprints for weapons of mass destruction: the W-88 warhead, described as “the most sophisticated nuclear weapon the United States has ever built.”
Those weapons “may be tested in 1999 and could be deployed as soon as 2002,” the report states.
“It does make one wonder how it is, how others who possessed this information could so readily have dismissed it, or not acted upon it,” Cox said.
“It’s not good news,” he said. nuclear labs, stealing secrets about the U.S. neutron bomb and every warhead in the U.S. companies seeking waivers to launch satellites on Chinese rockets.
“Some of the most significant thefts have occurred during the last four years,” Cox said.
Shelby: Reno should resign over China espionage probe
May 23, 1999
Report: China benefited from stolen nuclear secrets
May 20, 1999
Congressman calls alleged Chinese spying ‘grave’
May 16, 1999
Sources: Report finds China stole ‘sensitive’ nuclear data
May 14, 1999
Reno defends computer-search caution in Los Alamos case
May 13, 1999
Senate spotlights nuclear security lapses
May 12, 1999
U.S. “The world is a lot less safer today as a consequence of these thefts.”
Details of the Cox report have been trickling out for weeks amid a growing criticism of the Clinton administration’s response to fix the security lapse after it was exposed in 1995.
“In many cases, a little piece of information might seem innocuous, but if you collect enough of them through the so-called matrix technique … insatiable’
Cox also has accused China of obtaining information through the use of “front companies” in the United States — a method he said is “far broader than previously realized.”
External sites are not endorsed by CNN Interactive.
The House investigative committee was formed in the wake of accusations that campaign contributions might have influenced the Clinton administration to give favorable trade treatment to U.S. Such information would likely find its way into the PRC’s ballistic missile program,” the congressional report said. and Hughes Electronics allegedly gave China unauthorized design information. Christopher Cox (R-California), chairman of the House select committee that conducted the year-long investigation.
The report concludes: Chinese “penetration of our national weapons laboratories spans at least the past several decades and almost certainly continues today.”
But following the failures of some of those launches, U.S. missile guidance systems through satellite launch deals with American companies.
“It means that in addition to paying for our own defense, we are actually paying to arm a potential adversary,” Cox said.
Elzea, declined to address the issue in detail but confirmed that “over the past year DOD and DOE carried out a joint study regarding DOD’s nuclear weapons requirements and funding options for those requirements. Not by a long shot.” He also proudly said the government has been “increasing funding, and sustaining it … But Democrats on Capitol Hill and independent arms control groups predicted the decision will provoke controversy and a substantial budget fight this year.
But then-Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta, after hearing from aides that these overruns were due in part to poor management and inaccurate cost accounting at DOE, initially said the department would not provide any new funds to DOE, on top of the $4.5 billion it previously promised to cover earlier overruns, according to two government officials privy to the deliberations.
The Obama administration will propose a deep cut in funding for nuclear nonproliferation programs at the Energy Department largely so it can boost the department’s spending to modernize its stockpile of nuclear weapons, according to government officials familiar with the proposed 2014 federal budget to be unveiled Wednesday, April 10.
The Center for Public Integrity has previously reported administration officials had agreed that the number of nuclear warheads the U.S. because our national security depends on it.”
Tom Collina, research director for the Arms Control Association, a Washington-based nonprofit group, said “in a way,” it seems inconsistent for the administration to promote arms control while cutting the DOE’s nonproliferation budget. military deploys could be cut by at least a third, below a limit of 1550 established in a treaty with Russia in 2010. But that still left a $4 billion gap between DOE’s nuclear weapons-related promises to the military and its ability to complete that work, forcing a scramble during the department’s budget deliberations to cut from other programs, officials said.
Asked for comment, NNSA spokesman Robert Middaugh said he could not respond until the budget has been formally released. Sam Nunn, said “the U.S. “If confirmed, I intend to make sure that [DOE laboratories and intelligence experts] … continue to sustain the nation’s nuclear security,” he said, without delving into budgetary issues or specific programs.
As recently as December 3, President Obama described the government’s nuclear nonproliferation efforts – including some directed by the Defense Department – as “one of our most important national security programs.” Speaking at the National Defense University, Obama said the effort was “nowhere near done. Tim Scott (R.-S.C.) about whether he supports completing the MOX plant. “These cuts are going to be huge,” and will be particularly problematic amid budget boosts for weapons programs that many lawmakers believe “have been mismanaged for the last five to six years.”
One, who asked not to be named, said the DOE shortfall had set off “months of wrangling” about the issue, not only within the department but at the highest levels of the administration. A Pentagon spokeswoman, Jennifer D. “I will certainly look into this with high priority” if confirmed, he told Scott.
The Energy Department needs at least $3 billion to $5 billion more to upgrade the B61 nuclear bomb – meant for deployment aboard strategic and tactical aircraft – than it initially expected, and several billions of dollars more to cover cost overruns in construction of the uranium processing facility. But he said officials may have calculated that they cannot win congressional support for further cuts in nuclear arsenals with Russia without spending billions more to refurbish America’s remaining stockpile of nuclear weapons, under a bargain Obama struck during his first term.
Secretary of Energy nominee Ernest Moniz, speaking at a Senate confirmation hearing Tuesday, ducked multiple questions from Sen. programs for securing, reducing and eliminating weapons usable nuclear materials are a critical part of our strategy for combating nuclear terrorism and preventing the proliferation of these deadly dangerous materials…A decision to significantly cut these programs, including our near-term ability to dispose of excess plutonium, would be a setback to our ability to reach critical security goals.”
The plant is about 60 percent completed, but one senior administration official called it “managerially and programmatically, a nightmare,” with continuously rising costs.
But several officials and other sources familiar with the administration’s budget deliberations this year said the DOE nuclear weapons-related cost overruns and the new austerity climate gripping Washington – including the demand under so-called “sequestration” legislation for $54 billion in national security spending cuts each year until 2021 -had upended the administration’s plans to spend more on nonproliferation.
Under the Obama proposal, the budget for other DOE work related to nuclear nonproliferation would also be curtailed by about $277 million. It then asked the Pentagon to provide the additional $7 billion.
In the end, the Pentagon was cajoled into contributing $3 billion more. That would include a 16 percent cut in spending on efforts to halt the use of fissile material in civilian nuclear reactors and collect or secure weapons-usable fissile materials in other countries; an 8 percent cut in spending on policy to control the spread of nuclear weapons-related technologies; and a 36 percent cut in efforts to monitor potential illicit commerce in fissile materials.
The half-billion-dollar shift in spending priorities reflects an administration decision that nuclear explosives work the Energy Department performs for the military should be both accelerated and expanded. These programs have experienced billions of dollars in cost overruns in recent years, forcing the administration to look elsewhere in the DOE budget to find the money it needs to keep them alive.
Only one category of Energy Department nonproliferation work would be increased – research and development, mostly to finance work on a new nuclear detonation sensor to be placed about Air Force satellites.
Joan Rohlfing, president of the Nuclear Threat Initiative, a nonprofit arms control group founded by Ted Turner and former Sen. At the end of it, a $250 million DOE “nuclear counterterrorism incident response” program previously considered a weapons activity was shifted to the nonproliferation budget account, a change that has the effect of making the bottom line for that account look better than it otherwise would have.
Specifically, officials said, the Energy Department determined in consultation with the Pentagon that it would likely need $10 billion in new funds to fulfill all of its promises to the military for the production of modernized warheads, over the next decade alone.
Under the 2014 proposal, the Energy Department’s nuclear weapons activities funding — which includes modernization efforts for bomber-based and missile-based warheads – would be increased roughly 7 percent, or around $500 million, above the current level of $7.227 billion for these activities.
Moniz, in his confirmation hearing, tread carefully around the topic of what the department should be spending on nonproliferation. Its construction would be greatly slowed, while the Defense Department and the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration study alternative ways to safeguard tons of the excess plutonium.
Much of the reduction in nonproliferation spending – around $183 million – would come from a controversial plant designed to transform excess plutonium from the U.S. That plant was initially budgeted at $1.8 billion, but the pricetag has ballooned to at least $7.5 billion, provoking widespread criticism and allegations of mismanagement.
The priority shift “is going to be a disaster,” said a Democratic congressional aide, who asked not to be identified because he was not authorized to speak on the budget before its official release. The study determined that the modernization program was underfunded, and steps have been taken to ensure adequate funding for essential modernization needs moving forward.”
The department also needs more funds than anticipated for improvements to the W76 warhead, which is carried by Trident submarine-based missiles.
The department’s nonproliferation programs, aimed at diminishing the security threat posed by fissile materials in other countries that can be used for nuclear weapons, would be cut by roughly 20 percent, or $460 million, below the current level of $2.45 billion, the officials said.
Under the Obama administration’s proposal for fiscal year 2014, spending for the MOX plant would be around $330 million, or 47 percent of the budget it was supposed to get next year. The new weapons-related spending would expand efforts to upgrade the W76, W88, W78, and B-61 warheads, and help fund construction of a new facility in Tennessee for processing uranium, a nuclear explosive used in these and other warheads. The officials have also decided to discuss a potential agreement for such reductions with Russian president Vladimir Putin.
To cover the $10 billion total cost overrun, the Energy Department and its National Nuclear Security Administration agreed to transfer roughly $3 billion into weapons work from management accounts and other internal savings. (Work on the facility and its equipment was well along when DOE abruptly realized it would not be large enough to accommodate needed machinery, forcing a costly redesign and lengthy delays.). nuclear weapons arsenal into fuel for reactors that generate electricity, known as the Mixed-Oxide (MOX) fuel fabrication plant in Savannah River, S.C